Origin of Clothing [Some History Lessons on Clothing]

There is no easy way to determine when clothing was first developed, but some information has been inferred by studying lice. The body louse specifically lives in clothing, and diverge from head lice about 170 millennia ago, suggesting that clothing existed at that time. Another theory is that modern humans are the only survivors of several species of primates who may have worn clothes and that clothing may have been used as long ago as 650 millennia. Other louse-based estimates put the introduction of clothing at around 42,000–72,000 B.P.

Definition: Clothing, What is it?

Clothing (also called clothes and attire) is fiber and textile material worn on the body. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of nearly all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on body type, social, and geographic considerations. Some clothing types can be gender-specific.


Physically, clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements, and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. Further, they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation.

Clothing of Asia

Asia is the largest continent of the world with its 17,300,000 sq. miles area. The continent comprises of a number of countries and each country varies from the other in terms of its culture, habits, tradition and fashion. It will be a Herculean task, rather an impossible one to bring Asia and its culture under one roof. It is so vast and variegated that all the words of expression would fall short for it. So it will be wise enough to concentrate on only one of the aspects at aimed, selecting only a few countries. When we think of Asia, the name of the countries lurk into our mind are Japan, India and China. So let us concentrate on the traditional attires of these countries and find out how these traditional wear are getting infiltrated into the modern fashion trend.

India: Being an Indian, I know Indian culture and tradition better than any other foreign country. So I would definitely like to talk about our traditional clothing first. India is a country with as many as 29 states and each state has its own way of robes. But as far as the national dress is concerned it is identified with ‘sari’. It is attire for women only. A ‘sari’ is nothing but a long rectangular piece of cloth about 5 to 9m in length. It is worn without any fastening, pins or buttons. The tightly fitted blouse worn under sari is known as ‘choli’ and the final length of the saris hanging from the women’s shoulder is called ‘pallu’. The style, color, texture of a sari varies from one another. It may be printed, embroidered, stone and mirror embedded et al. The material of sari can be cotton, silk, synthetic or man many more things. Besides its color and design, the most striking and charming feature about the sari is that it is not cut or tailored for any particular size and can fit any women. There are several ways of wearing a sari; and its manner of draping as well as its color and texture indicate the status, age, occupation, region and religion of a woman.

Beside sari, there are many other dresses that are worn by Indian women like ‘salwar kameez’, ‘lehanga’, churidar etc. A ‘kameez’ is a long tunic worn over ‘pyjama’ which is like a loose fitted trousers. A tight-fitted pant is known as ‘churidar’.A pleated skirt is called a ‘lehanga’. Some traditional garments for men are ‘kurta’, ‘lungi’, ‘dhoti’ and ‘pyjama’. ‘kurta’ is like a long top while ‘lungi ‘and ‘dhoti’ are apiece of cloth that is draped around the waist. ‘pyjama’is the pants worn under the ‘kurta’. A collarless khadi jacket is also popular among men. But most of the India men, unlike women, wear the conventional western clothes. A majority of women in India wear ‘sari’ though some urban women love and feel comfortable in western dresses.

Throughout the country there are many religious and regional variations in the costumes, such as Rajasthani women wear embroidered, mirrored and the tie-dye materials while in Arunachal Pradesh women are found draping home-spun long woolen skirts.

Indian dressing style is thus marked by many variations-both religious and regional; and one is likely to witness an abundance of colors, textures and style in garments of India.

Japan: The clothing of Edo period (1601-1867AD) comes into one’s mind when asked about Japanese traditional clothing. This consists of the basic pieces like ‘kimono’, ‘obi’ and ‘hakama’. The Japanese clothing is as simple as it is complex and elegant. The building block of Japanese traditional clothing begins with the “kimono’. During Edo period, this become an outer garment and was made up of all kinds fabrics. Before and during Edo period, fabric was class oriented, silk was reserved by the for the upper class people. All adult ‘kimono’ are cut into 8 pieces from 1 roll of cloth about 36cm, 14 inches wide and 11m long. The seams are cut straight and always the same width regardless of the wearer’s size, so cloth is left over. Any extra length was tucked under or over the ‘obi’ depending on the gender. ‘Kimono’ is simple in design and there is no fasteners used to hold the ‘kimono’, close. ‘Kimono’ is designed according to age, social status and gender. Just as a married woman would wear a ‘kimono’ made out of darker fabrics and with shorter sleeves than a young unmarried girl. Under the ‘kimono’, the lighter ‘kimono’ is called ‘Nagajuban’. An ‘Han-eri'(a scarf like collar) is worn between kimono and neck. Some other dresses worn by them are ‘Yukatabira'(light and loose fitting robes), ‘Happi'( a short coat), ‘Kamishino'(two piece costume), “Kataginu’ etc. “Hakama’ is like pants and has 7 folds that signifies 7 human qualities such as courage, humility, justice,chivalry, honesty, loyalty and prestige. During monsoon they wore jackets made up of straw. ‘Cording’, ‘sashes’ and ‘obi’ are used to close different types of jackets.

All Japanese clothes are wonderfully embroidered and crafted with beautiful fabric works. Clothes are highly decorative that includes family crests, animals, bamboo, flowers, branches etc.

China: The ‘Pien-fu’ is an ancient two piece ceremonial garment of a tunic like top extending to the kneesand a skirt or trousers extending to the ankles. In China, clothing indicated not only class gender difference but also ethnicity. Han Chinese and Manchu were two major ethnic groups in China who wore different cloths. The decorative band, appliquéd borders and richly variegated embellishment and embroidered design is one of the unique features of the traditional Chinese dress. ‘He ch’ang-p’ao’ is one-piece garment extending from the shoulders all the way to the heels. “Shen-I’ is a cross between the ‘pien-fu’ and the ‘ch’ang-p’ao’. It consists of a tunic and a skirt or trousers like the, ‘pien-fu’ but the tunic and the skirt are sewed together and essentially one piece like the ‘ch’ang-pao’ .Chinese clothing is not only an external expression but also an internal symbolism. Darker shades of color are preferred to lighter shades. Dresses with lighter color are worn by the people for daily use. Chinese associate few colors with seasons such as red stands for summer, black for winter, white for autumn and green for spring. They can be said to have fully developed a system of matching, coordinating and contrasting colors: and shades of light and dark in apparels.

Chinese clothing has a vitality of its own. It reflects a woman’s modesty. Chinese traditional silk clothing almost varies with consistency which was roughly established by the era of the Yellow Emperor and the Emperor Yao and Shan. Remains of woven silk and hemp articles and ancient ceramic figures further demonstrate the sophistication and refinement of clothing in the Shan Dynasty. Orient dresses almost vary with a woman’s figure. Mature women, in such attire can display their graceful and refined manner. In the 17thc in North China, a collarless tube shaped dresses were developed; they were the old ancestors of new dresses.

But this traditional Asian Clothing is seen slowly infiltrating into the modern and trendy fashion of the day. Various fashion designers have taken the approach of making dresses that people can wear everyday from the exotic treasures of Asian traditional attire.

‘Saris’, besides being the traditional attire of India, has become an inseparable part of today’s fashion. Women worldwide now are experimenting by draping this elegant designer’s creation of India. In many grand parties, women from other countries also, are seen wearing a gorgeous sari. Apparels like lehenga, choli, salwar kameez are already in the trend.

Black Japan printed floral Kimono wrap top, georgette geisha kimono, geisha blossom kimono top, Asia flutter top and so on are some of the other imports to modern fashion from Japan.

Clothing of Asia varies from one country to another. More importantly in a country from one region to other it varies significantly. But if you are closely following the trend across various Asian countries, you will find a certain pattern is followed everywhere. In one type of clothing a piece of cloth is draped which may be sari in India or kimono in Japan. The same trend is followed in Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia and other Asian countries. In other trend a loose trouser like attire for lower limbs and a closed-chest coat like things for upper part are followed. Sometimes this top goes upto knee like kameez in India or ends at belly region. People who are near hilly region generally wear colorful and embroidered garments, while people in plain land prefer to remain simple. Asian clothing is wide, vast and has enormous ranges. Like the people of Asia these are colorful, smooth, silky and comfortable. And above all these are as attractive as Asian land.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Linen Clothing

Linen fabric is liked by everyone. People like using linen fabric for a variety of purposes from home furnishings to clothing. There is a definite expansion and growth in the variety of linen clothing available. Linen fabric was once used extensively for men suits because of its soft and smooth texture. But over a period of time, linen clothing revealed its many different uses to the people.

Linen clothing has its respective advantages and disadvantages, just like any other fabric. Price, quality and durability are the three most important things people tend to keep in mind while purchasing any kind of clothing item for them. Linen fabric is made from one of the aged natural fibres – well-known as the flax fibre. It is admired because of its strength and stylish texture.

Many industries are working on finding a mix of two well-liked fabrics: cotton and linen. Merging the strengths of both the fabrics will produce an even better end product. At the same time, one should keep in mind that any fabric, which is given the needed attention and care would obviously last longer. It would also not lose its charm. Therefore, to counter the negatives of pattern clothing you should use some techniques that lessen the chances of this fabric getting dried out quickly.


Some of the positives of using linen-clothing are that it adds to charm and trendiness to any attire. Being a stylish fabric, you can buy nicely printed pattern clothing and look extremely fashionable. Many designers now display linen clothing that is well-liked by the people around. Pattern clothing has a natural luster.

Linen-clothing can last longer because of its characteristics; such as high strength and durability. Texture clothing is made from strong flax fibres which mean that it is available in a variety of textures.
Linen-clothing can be worn in any kind of weather. It can even be worn in a hot and humid weather, because it is highly absorbent. Pattern clothing makes you feel fresh because it is not sticky and removes skin perspirations. Linen clothing can be tailored without any trouble.

Linen clothing can be washed and dried easily. It can even be hand-washed. In fact, washing makes linen clothing softer, however, make sure you use soft water. It does not stretch or elongate but keeps in shape even after routine washes, hanging and ironing. Linen clothing can be printed, finished and designed easily.


With a number of advantages linen fabric comes with various disadvantages as well, however, they are not many in number. Linen clothing can lose its charm if washed with hard water. Therefore, you need to be extra careful while washing texture clothing with chemicals and detergents. Texture clothing is restricted to a small range of colours, providing not much variety.

It wrinkles and creases easily which can make you look untidy. It is best not to fold linen clothing for storage, you should hang it. Another disadvantage is that pattern clothing is a little more expensive than cotton; making cotton products more desirable.


Know the Fabrics to Make Smart Outdoor Clothing Choices

Dressing to survive in the outdoors starts with knowing what fabrics to wear. Different fabrics have radically different properties. Choosing the wrong type, or mixing clothing of different materials, can be disastrous!

You may not be able to tell what a garment is made of by looking. A nice, fuzzy, thick 100-percent cotton flannel shirt will be warm and cozy until it gets wet. Then that wet shirt may suck the heat out of your torso and cause hypothermia!

On the other side of the equation is wool. My hands-down favorite in the winter, wool, is generally a bad choice for a desert hike in August. Wool traps heat, and while it provides some UV protection, the material will prevent your body from cooling.
So, the buyer needs to beware.

Before buying any clothing item, read the labels and find out what the material is. Ignore fashion or what’s trendy (I know that’s hard – I have a 14-year-old daughter!), and make your purchase based on the activity and the clothing protection that will be needed.

Here are some common fabric choices:

* Cotton: Depending on where you live, cotton clothing can kill you. Cotton is hydrophilic, meaning it is no good at wicking wetness away from the skin, and can become damp just by being exposed to humidity.

Both of these 100% cotton garments would keep you warm until they got wet. Then, this clothing could become dangerous to wear!

Once wet, cotton feels cold and can lose up to 90 percent of its insulating properties. Wet cotton can wick heat from your body 25 times faster than when it’s dry.

Since I’ve spent a lot of time in the Deep South, my favorite hot weather shirt is a medium-weight, white, 100 percent cotton Navy surplus shirt. The shirt has a collar that can be pulled up to shade my neck, and pockets with flaps and buttons. Cotton also has a reasonable amount of UV protection.

On really hot days in a canoe, a cotton shirt can be soaked with water, and worn to cool you down. On a desert hike, help prevent heat stroke by using a few ounces of water to wet the shirt down. (The water can come from anywhere, including that algae-edged stock tank. The evaporation is what cools you!)

The same properties that make cotton a good choice for hot weather make it a killer in rain, snow and cold.

Typical urban casual garb is probably all cotton: sweat-socks, Hanes or Fruit of the Loom underwear, jeans, tee shirt, flannel shirt and sweatshirt. This outfit may keep you warm in town, but don’t wear it into the back country! Once the cotton gets wet, you could end up in trouble.

Don’t be mislead by the looks and camouflage patterns of 100 percent cotton hunting clothes. These garments my be just what you need for a hot, September dove hunt in Mississippi, but they become cold and clammy when damp or wet, just like anything else made of cotton.

* Polypropylene: This material doesn’t absorb water, so it is a hydrophobic. This makes it a great base layer, since it wicks moisture away from your body. The bad news is that polypropylene melts, so a spark from the campfire may melt holes in your clothing.

* Wool: Where I live in Central Oregon, wool is the standard for six months of the year. A good pair of wool pants and wool socks are the first clothing items we recommend to new Boy Scouts in our troop. For our winter scout excursions, any sort of cotton clothing is strongly discouraged. Jeans are banned.

Wool absorbs moisture, but stays warmer than many other fabrics. Wool is also inherently flame retardant.

* Polyester: This is essentially fabric made from plastic, and it’s good stuff. The material has good insulation and wind-stopping value, and can be made into many different thicknesses.

* Nylon: The fabric is pretty tough and can be used on your outer layer. It doesn’t absorb much moisture, and what does evaporates quickly. It is best used as some sort of windbreaker, to keep your clothing from being compromised by the wind.

* Down: This material is not a fabric, but rather, fluffy feathers stuffed inside a garment or sleeping bag. When dry, down is one of my favorite insulated materials.

But I don’t use a down sleeping bag, and would hesitate wearing a down vest into the back country because of potential moisture problems. When wet, down becomes hydrophilic, and loses virtually all its insulated value. It can be worse than cotton as far as sucking heat away from your body.

In addition, a down sleeping bag or garment is virtually impossible to dry out in the back country, even with a roaring campfire.

Leon Pantenburg is a wilderness enthusiast, and doesn’t claim to be a “survival expert” or expertise as a survivalist. Leon teaches common sense wilderness survival techniques to the average person in order to avert potential disasters.

A newspaper man and journalist for three decades, Leon covered search and rescue, sheriff’s departments, floods, forest fires and other natural disasters and outdoor emergencies. He learned many people died unnecessarily or escaped miraculously when simple, common sense might have changed the outcome.


The Confident Man: Why Clothing Style Is Important

There are a lot of things that go into making different men feel and act confident, but one of the biggest factors is how you perceive yourself. We aren’t necessarily talking about the typical mainstream fashion trends, and that everyone has to fit into a specific cookie cutter fashion bubble defined by the rest of the world. We are talking about when you put something on your body or wear certain items in a way that makes you feel like you can take on the world like that.

This may seem like an odd or superficial concept, but it is true so hear us out. Men, who have confidence, generally have a style of their own, and they are comfortable in how they appear to others. The most successful and confident men have style. We understand that it if you have a great style that will not automatically make you an impressive, confident and wealthy person, but we are saying that it is a big part of it.

Pay Attention
Many guys may not feel the need to pay attention to how they dress because they think it does not matter as much as other things. However, when you pay attention to little details that make you look more put together, it will actually make you feel more put together and act as if you are. How you feel affects how you carry yourself and if you feel like you look good, you will walk, talk and act like you look good.

You do not have to become a fashion expert to pay merely more attention to your attire. All you have to do is put a little more time in to make sure your clothes and shoes are clean and presentable. Also, taking some extra time to find types of clothing that you enjoy wearing and suits your style and personality is a worthy time investment. You don’t have to spend big bucks either.

Learning how to search for discounts and deals will help you immensely. Great deals on most online stores can often be found at VoucherBin UK.  Someone who pays attention to how they look will not only feel good, but they present a better package that exudes confidence and readiness.

Seek Wise Counsel
Part of what can be frustrating about figuring out your own style or even just trying to be stylish and put together, in general, is that it can be hard to get started. If it is not something that comes naturally to you or something that you are used to paying attention to, and then ask for help. Seek out someone; preferably someone you think has good style, to help give you a second opinion on what you wear. This is the best way to learn.

Have Fun with It
Yes, we said it, have fun with your style. The last thing you want to do is stuff yourself into uncomfortable clothing that you hate or try to pull off someone else’s style. This is about giving you confidence, and you cannot find confidence in someone else’s style. Check out men’s style magazines or ideas featured on online blogs or sites. All stores at VoucherBin, from high-end designers to unique apparel companies offer discounts on so browse around and pick out styles you want to try. There will be some trial and error, but it will become easier and more enjoyable as you get the hang of it.

Why Clothes Are Important with Style of Course !

Clothes are important for a number of reasons. Of course, they have their practical uses to keep us warm, but that is only a small part of it. Rather, clothing enables us to express our identity in a number of different ways and to express ourselves without having to use words. In this article, I will discuss the various reasons why clothing is so important.

Group Identification

Clothing can provide an expression of the group to which you belong. This can be done in the most obvious ways using uniforms. Everything from a police officer’s uniform to the uniform in a fast food restaurant state very obviously that you belong to a certain group and offer a particular service based on what you are wearing.

However, this can also be done less formally. For example, you can wear clothes that identify you as, for example, “a businessman.” It can also be used for groups such as a “Goth” or a member of the “grunge scene.” In all of these cases, the clothing serves to identify you immediately as a member of a given social group.

Personal Expression

Clothing need not identify you as a group, however, but simply identify something about your particular style. For example, if you are an exuberant person, wearing clothing that has flare can very easily show off that exuberance. In addition, wearing clothing that is more conservative can show that you yourself are more of a conservative person.

In a way, clothing that provides personal expression is like a facial expression. It provides people with immediate feedback on the kind of mood you are in (or at least, the kind of mood you generally have). This in turn can create important first impressions and lets you say something about yourself to others.

The Symbolic Meanings of Kente Cloth Designs Among The Asantes and Ewes of Ghana

Kente is one of the famous indigenous cloths of Ghana. The origin of the craft is shared among the Asante ethnic society in the southern part of the Ashanti region and the Ewe ethnic society in the Volta region of Ghana. The times of discovering the art of weaving and the designs among the two groups were simultaneous. While the Asantes believe that they learnt the craft from how grass naturally interlocks, the Ewes claim they learnt the craft from the red and black stripped cobra which is their totem. Whatever be the case, there are interesting patterns and colours of the indigenous cloth that have interesting symbolic meanings that reveal the values, norms and beliefs of the ethnic cultures. It is essential that wearers of this famous cloth know the meaning of the designs and styles so that they can wear them to appropriate occasions.

Asante Kente Names and Designs

There are basically five kente weave patterns on which the various complex and diverse patterns originate. These are Adwin, Akyem, Ahwepan or Hweepan, Nkyeretire or Nkyereano and Faprenu.

• The Adwin kente pattern is a design weave pattern which very beautiful. It is noted for its complex designs hence the name Adwin (skill). It requires dexterity or great skill on the part of the weaver to be able to come out with this weave pattern.

• The Akyem kente pattern is noted for its colourful nature. It was named after the local bird with different coloured feathers called Akyem by the Asantes of Ghana. Due to the diversity in its colours, it is expensive and is worn by the wealthy in the society.

• The Ahwepan or Hweepan kente pattern has no design in it hence the name ‘hwee’ meaning ‘nothing’. It is the easiest of all the weave patterns. No wonder it is woven by amateurs and new apprentices.

• The Nkyeretire or Nkyereano kente pattern has the designs appearing only at the edges (‘tire’or ‘ano’) of the woven cloth with the middle of the cloth with no designs.

• The Faprenu kente pattern has two or double (prenu) warp sheets woven together with one weft sheet. It is very compact, strong and durable. This is why it was worn by important personalities in the indigenous Ghanaian society.

• Kyeretwie (kyere- capture, twie- leopard). This kente weave pattern means one’s ability to capture a live leopard. Due to the fact that it is a very painstaking task as such, this kente pattern is associated with power, might and bravery. Its wearer was viewed as such. Therefore, this kente pattern was reserved and restricted for great chiefs.

• Adwinasa (Adwin- skill, Asa-exhausted). This kente weave pattern means the kente weaver has used or employed all the skills and designs that he knows in the weaving of the cloth and has exhausted all of them. It is a very complex weave pattern which is very expensive. Therefore, important personalities and chiefs were allowed to wear this kente pattern.

• Obo fa, dade fa (partly stone, partly metal). This kente weave pattern is worn for funeral ceremonies. It reminds members of the bereaved family and sympathizers that death is part of man (obo- we are dust) therefore we need to endure the loss of the loved one with a strong inner strength (dade- like metal).

Asante Kente Names and Designs

• Ehianaga (Ehiana-needed, ga- money). It means money is needed in the Ewe tongue. It is a gorgeous type of kente weave among the Ewes. The name implies that to be able to purchase the kente cloth requires a great deal of money. It is worn by the rich and famous in the society.

• Lorlofukpekpe (lorlor- love, fukpekpe- turned into suffering). This kente weave pattern serves as a reminder to the wearer and onlookers that one’s expectations may not always be fulfilled and that one may face disappointment or heartbreak from those he or she loves such as partners, friends, and relatives.

• Afiadeke Mefa o (Afiadeke- Nowhere, Mefa- cool). This kente pattern literally means ‘nowhere is cool’. It advises us that we need not crave for what other have and complain bitterly about our condition. It admonishes us to be content or appreciate who we are, what we have and the conditions that we find ourselves.

• Fiawo Yome (Fiawo- king, Yome- second or next). This kente weave pattern means ‘next to kings or second to royals’. It is a very beautiful and expensive weave pattern. It is worn by important people in the society.

The symbolism of the Kente patterns that have been discussed among the two ethnic cultures is with respect to the main and very popular designs of the indigenous cloth. However, there are other varied designs with captivating symbolic interpretations. Familiarizing oneself with these symbolic connotations of the cloth will deepen the understanding of the culture of these vibrant ethnic societies in Ghana.

The Importance of Exfoliating Your Skinory

What is exfoliating?
Exfoliation in removal of dead skin cells. When you get rid of all the dead cells on the surface, you expose the new and radiant skin underneath.

How often to exfoliate?
If you have delicate or sensitive skin, twice a week might be too much and could cause some irritation. On the other hand, if you live in a warmer climate or your skin is naturally oily, you might have to exfoliate your skin more than twice a week to accommodate a higher build up of dead skin cells.

How to exfoliate?
Follow instructions. If it says to remove the mask after two to five minutes, do not keep it on for ten. AHA’s penetrate very quickly, so by the time your mask is removed it will still be working at deeper layers. Make sure to not keep products on your skin for any longer than recommended!

Why do we need to exfoliate?
Skin is constantly turning over, generating new cells at the lower level (the dermis) and sending them up to replace dead skin cells on the upper layer (epidermis). As we get older, the cell turnover process slows down. Cells begin to gather unevenly on the skin’s surface which can lead to dry patches and tired looking skin. Through exfoliating your skin, we can help to remove dead skin cells, revealing the fresher, younger cells below and restoring skin’s natural clarity and brightness.

When is the best time to exfoliate?
It’s totally up to you! Some people prefer to exfoliate their face in the mornings because they claim that make up sits better. Others would rather prefer to exfoliate their face & body in the evening to remove dead skin cells and dirt. So really, just pick a suitable time for you as long as you exfoliate!

What to use?
For your face

JOIK 100% Natural Exfoliating facial scrub with fruit enzymes and micro-particles effectively, but gently removes dead skin cells, improves skin tone and gives it a healthy glow. The scrub contains skin-renewing fruit enzymes with natural AHA acids, which help in skin regeneration. Fine olive stone and bamboo granules exfoliate while coconut oil, shea butter and sunflower oil moisturize and nourish the skin. Suitable for all skin types.

For your body

Make sure to pick a scrub what does not contain any environment and water burdening plastic particles! (All JOIK scrubs are free of plastic particles!)

JOIK fresh apple body scrub with minerals rich sea salt and jojoba granules exfoliates gently but efficiently, removes dead skin cells and helps skin to renew and regenerate. Suitable for all skin types, but be careful with sensitive skin.

JOIK 100% natural body scrub with sugar and mineral-rich sea salt exfoliates gently but efficiently, removes dead skin cells and helps skin to renew and regenerate. In contact with warm water the scrub turns into milky lotion and is easy to wash off. Skin in moisturized, but not greasy. Gentle scent of lemon & vanilla comes from natural essential oils. Suitable for all skin types.

JOIK 100% natural coffee scrub with brown sugar is scented like a good, strong cup of coffee. Aromatic scent invigorates senses. Ground coffee beans and brown sugar improve blood circulation, remove dead cells and help skin to regenerate. Suitable for all skin types.

JOIK gentle body scrub exfoliates mildly but efficiently, removes dead cells and helps skin to renew and regenerate. Suitable for all skin types.

What to do after exfoliating?

Moisturize! After exfoliating skin absorbs better so take advantage of it and lock in moisture to keep skin glowing.