The History of Affliction Clothing

Back in the early days of MMA, a small clothing company in Signal Hill, California, rose up to become a big name in the hardcore fashion genre. By sponsoring big names in UFC, like Georges St. Pierre, Randy Couture, and Quinton Jackson, as well as heavy hitters from other hardcore arenas, Oscar De La Hoya, Shane Mosley and Zab Judah, Affliction was able to show that to emulate your MMA or heavy weight boxing idols, you had to wear the same clothes they were wearing. Affliction became the leader in the “Wear your attitude” fashion field.

Started up in 2005 by Tom Atencio, Todd Beard, Eric Foss, and Clifton Chason, the brand was conceived by fighters for fighters, which helped lead to the success of Affliction, and some of the offshoot companies that would develop through the business model Affliction had created. Sinful, a line of Affliction clothing for women is characterized by the religious expressions, like angels or angel wings, or other symbolic imagery – doves, burning hearts, roses, and skulls are also commonly found on Sinful outfits. Xtreme Couture, a division of Affliction developed by Randy Couture and his wife Kim Couture in 2007, carries UFC clothing, as well as fitness supplements, and MMA training facilities.

It wouldn’t be MMA without drama, and the Affliction brand has had its share. In late 2008, co-owner Todd Beard opted to resign after receiving a restraining order from Randy Couture’s wife. The restraining order became necessary after Beard carried out a “campaign of terror” against the Couture’s because they asked him to provide a thorough accounting of the profits. On the Canadian front, night clubs in Vancouver and Victoria, BC, as well as notorious night club Cowboy’s in Calgary, decided to bar patrons wearing Affliction or Ed Hardy clothing from entering the premises, claiming that the clothing was a gang related uniform. Affliction responded by claiming no affiliation with gangs, and that the clothing is simply an “upscale men’s boutique brand.”

After a few years of sponsoring UFC fighters, the Affliction team had a difference of opinions over business practices with the UFC management. Affliction decided to become MMA promoters, and formed the company Affliction Entertainment, which cost them a lucrative spot in the UFC ring. After two successful co-promoted events in 2008 and 2009, Affliction got hit with a curve ball with less than 60 hours before their next event. One of the fighters in the main event was rumored to have positively tested for steroids, and would not be permitted to fight in the event. In what was a probably humbling experience, the Affliction team decided to take up the UFC’s previous offer of ad space on the Octagon and the UFC fighters, providing they ceased all fight promoting operations.

The Pros and Cons of a Corporate Clothing Allowance

When it comes to the corporate clothing your employees wear, do you prefer to provide it yourself or give them a clothing allowance so you don’t have to worry about choosing their attire? While each has their benefits, here are some pros and cons to giving your employees a clothing allowance.

Advantages of a Corporate Clothing Allowance

You may not have the time to delegate each item of clothing your employees wear, especially if you run a large corporation. By providing your employees with a clothing allowance, both you and the employee can benefit in the following ways:

You will not have to take the time to choose the best clothing for each of your employees
Your employees will have a little bit of freedom when it comes to deciding what they wear to work.
A certain colour or fabric may look better on their frame than another, and if everyone is wearing different types of corporate clothing, they don’t have to wear something that isn’t flattering.
Employees don’t have to worry about the cost of their clothing. A clothing allowance allows them to choose the type of clothing they need, whether it is pantyhose, socks, shoes, suits, or dress shirts.

Disadvantages of a Clothing Allowance

While there are several advantages to providing your employees with a corporate clothing allowance, there are quite a few disadvantages as well.

Employees may fail to provides receipts as proof they used the allowance for clothing
Clothing items that are not needed for use in the work place may be purchased and worn other places.
Employees may not reserve certain items, like belts, shoes, and shirts for just the workplace. As a result, these clothing items may become worn from excess use.
They may provide proof of a clothing purchase, but may sell the item and keep the extra cash for themselves.
Certain employees may choose inappropriate clothing items, which may not reflect the professional attitude of your company.
Employees may spend all of their allowance on one expensive item of clothing and may not be able to afford the rest of the clothing they need to work with your company.

The Bottom Line on Clothing Allowances

While clothing allowances can give your employees the freedom to choose the clothes they want to wear, you may not be happy with the results. Some workers may even take advantage of your kindness, especially if they already own professional attire.

Consider the advantages of using a clothes allowance and see if you can provide your employees with the same advantages when you supply corporate clothes. Many times, corporate wear can be altered and tailored to fit and hang well on many different types of body frames. You may want to provide other needed items besides the basic clothing, such as shirts and socks.

Why Your Children Should Be Wearing High Viz Clothing

Hi viz clothing for children is a must have for the concerned parent. These nifty garments can prevent many accidents and harm from happening to your children, especially if they are in school or in situations where they won’t always be under constant supervision.

A few of the situations in which high viz clothing for children can be helpful is camping, walking to and from school, field trips, bike rides, an outing with the family and many more. When you’re camping in an area with a lot of wilderness, high vis clothing will help your child to be found if they get lost. They’ll be visible and easy to spot from a distance, enabling search parties to see them from ease. In extreme cases where they go missing in a large area, high viz clothing will also make it much easier for search helicopters to spot them.

While that example was a bit dramatic, it can happen to anyone. A more common use for high viz clothing for children is when they are walking to school or home from school. If you live close by or if your child uses a bus stop, it’s not uncommon for them to have to walk a short distance. You can make sure that any cars on the road see them by giving them high viz clothing to wear while walking. School field trips with young children usually have a rule that all children should be wearing bright colors to make them stand out from a crowd and you can help to make sure your child is kept safe by giving them high viz clothes to wear for their school trips.

If your child is an avid cyclist, high viz gear is crucial. Reflective stickers on the bike are the first step, but high viz biking clothes and helmets are the ultimate in safety. Make sure your child wears this even if they are going on a ride with adults, you can never be too safe. A child that is well educated on road safety and wears high viz clothing is much safer than a child that is not prepared for the dangers of the roads.

These are only a few of the situations in which high viz clothing for children can be useful. As a parent, it’s natural to want to protect your child, but you often can’t keep an eye on them all the time or restrict their movement. Children need to learn how to be independent and develop survival skill, but you can give them the right gear to keep them safe as they navigate the world. Equal measures of education and safety gear are what help children to grow up to be responsible and safe adults that don’t behave recklessly.

Indian Style Clothing

Clothing in India depends on geography, ethnicity, local cultural traditions and climate. It can vary from region to region.

Traditionally, Indian people clothing roots back to plain Langotis and loincloths (one-piece garment kept in place by a belt). They were mostly worn on a daily basis or on such festive occasions as dance performances and various rituals.

Today western clothing is commonly worn by Indian people of all social strata. India is well-known for its gorgeous diversity of fibers, weaves, materials and colors of traditional clothing. Moreover, clothing color codes followed by some people are based on the ritual and religion concerns. For example, Hindu women typically wear white-color clothes to indicate mourning.

Woman’s clothing

As we already mentioned, Indian woman’s clothing varies greatly depending on the religion, local culture and climate. Indian sarees and lehenga cholis (or Gagra cholis) are considered traditional clothing for women in the east and north, south women typically wear sarees and their children wear pattu langas.

Sarees made out of silk material are considered the most elegant. Being the capital city of Maharashtra state, Bombay, also known as Mumbai, is one of India’s fashion capitals. Women prefer wearing a saree, a long piece of colorful patterned cloth, draped over a plain blouse. Such forehead decoration as Bindi is considered a part of women’s traditional make-up. Indo-western clothing presents the fascinating mix of Subcontinental and Western fashion. This mix gives birth to Khara Dupatta, dupatta, huridar, gamchha, mundum neriyathum, kurta, sherwani and so on.

Traditional Saree Magic

Being a female garment in the Indian subcontinent, a traditional saree is an unstitched cloth, 4-9 meters in length, that drapes over the body in a great variety of styles. Do you already know which style works better for you? Sambalpuri saree from East? Or you prefer mysore silk of Karnataka from South? Maybe your best choice would be paithani from West? Or Banarasi saree from North?

As a rule, the saree is worn over a petticoat, with a backless or halter neck style blouse. Sarees are generally known with different names in different places. For example, In Kerala white sarees with golden borders, called kavanis, are worn on special occasions. Plain white sarees worn everyday are known as mundus. In Tamil Nadu sarees are called pudavai, but in Karnataka, they are called seere.

According to Indian fashion designer Rahul Mishra, whatever be the mode of expression of the designer, each garment should have a sense of purpose and only then it can meet the expectations of the buyer.
Today there are a variety of online stores that offer a rich repertoire of unique Indian clothing designs. There you may find various Indian ethnic wears, including designer sarees, salwar kameez, anarkali suits, bridal lehenga cholis, salwar suits, bollywood anarkalis, pakistani anarkali suits and many other traditional Indian costumes for any taste and budget.

Why We Wear New Clothes on Easter – A History of the Tradition From a Fashion School Perspective

Many of us can remember our parents dressing us up in new clothes every Easter so we could parade around the neighborhood in our finest. It was a fun tradition to look forward to (or avoid, as some fashion-phobic children were known to do), whether we went to church or not. But where did this tradition come from? A look through history shows that its origins are not what we might expect. And examining the custom from a fashion school point of view, we see how changing retailing patterns have altered its significance.

Origins in other cultures. Although we associate wearing new clothes in spring with the Easter holiday, the tradition dates back to ancient times. Pagan worshipers celebrated the vernal equinox with a festival in honor of Ostera, the Germanic Goddess of Spring, and believed that wearing new clothes brought good luck. The Iranian new year, celebrated on the first day of Spring, has traditions rooted in the ancient pre-Islamic past. These traditions include spring cleaning and wearing new clothes to signify renewal and optimism. Similarly, the Chinese have celebrated its spring festival, also known as Lunar New Year, by wearing new clothes. It symbolized not only new beginnings, but the idea that people have more than they possibly need.

Christian beginnings. In the early days of Christianity, newly baptized Christians wore white linen robes at Easter to symbolize rebirth and new life. But it was not until 300 A.D. that wearing new clothes became an official decree, as the Roman emperor Constantine declared that his court must wear the finest new clothing on Easter. Eventually, the tradition came to mark the end of Lent, when after wearing weeks of the same clothes, worshipers discarded the old frocks for new ones.

Superstitions. A 15th-century proverb from Poor Robin’s Almanack stated that if one’s clothes on Easter were not new, one would have bad luck: “At Easter let your clothes be new; Or else for sure you will it rue.” In the 16th Century during the Tudor reign, it was believed that unless a person wore new garments at Easter, moths would eat the old ones, and evil crows would nest around their homes.

Post Civil War. Easter traditions as we know it were not celebrated in America until after the Civil War. Before that time, Puritans and the Protestant churches saw no good purpose in religious celebrations. After the devastation of the war, however, the churches saw Easter as a source of hope for Americans. Easter was called “The Sunday of Joy,” and women traded the dark colors of mourning for the happier colors of spring.

The Easter Parade. In the 1870s, the tradition of the New York Easter Parade began, in which women decked out in their newest and most fashionable clothing walked between the beautiful gothic churches on Fifth Avenue. The parade became one of the premier events of fashion design, a precursor to New York Fashion Week, if you will. It was famous around the country, and people who were poor or from the middle class would watch the parade to witness the latest trends in fashion design. Soon, clothing retailers leveraged the parade’s popularity and used Easter as a promotional tool in selling their garments. By the turn of the century, the holiday was as important to retailers as Christmas is today.

The American Dream. By the middle of the 20th Century, dressing up for Easter had lost much of any religious significance it might have had, and instead symbolized American prosperity. A look at vintage clothing ads in a fashion school library shows that wearing new clothes on Easter was something every wholesome, All-American family was expected to do.

Attitudes today. Although many of us may still don new clothes on Easter, the tradition doesn’t feel as special, not because of any religious ambivalence, but because we buy and wear new clothes all the time. At one time in this country, middle class families shopped only one or two times a year at the local store or from a catalog. But in the last few decades, retailing options have boomed. There’s a Gap on every corner, and countless internet merchants allow us to shop 24/7. No wonder young people today hear the Irving Berlin song “Easter Parade” and have no idea what it means.

Mecca Clothing – Urban Fashion Pioneer

In 1994, Mecca USA burst onto the fashion market while rap music was also making its own stand. The timing proved to be fortuitous for both. Mecca Clothing quickly became a wardrobe staple of hip hop rappers and the urban youth who were looking to these artists as inspiration. Instead, of trying to create clothing to suit office, evening or other areas; the brand has firmly established itself as the line representing sporty, casual and street wear.

The driving force behind Mecca USA was Mike Alesko and Tony Shellman. Mike Alesko is well known in the fashion industry, creating not only the Mecca Clothing brand but International News, the Seattle based company that would later spawn Mecca. Tony Shellman is a hip-hop fashion innovator who also cofounded Encye and the Parish Nation clothing line. Their clothing line took design inspiration from the birthplace of hip-hop, New York City.

With New York City serving as their fashion muse, the line took on a rugged and raw edge, giving wearers an instant statement making look. The line quickly evolved into the “uniform” for inner city youth. By the end of the decade, Mecca USA’s appeal was not limited to a city audience. Instead, increasing numbers of suburban youth were looking to Mecca USA as a way to express themselves and identify with the rap musicians they wanted to emulate.

The brand made its way into malls and major department stores, getting the attention of those who had previously only been buying mainstream labels such as Tommy Hilfiger and Polo Ralph Lauren. Over the years, numerous celebrities have worn the line including. The Mecca clothing expanded its base, making its way into Europe, Asia and all around the globe.

Mecca USA has always focused on denim wear. Originally only offering designs for men, such as baggy unique-pocket designer denim jeans, trendy foil printed tees and high-quality hoodies. Reversible jackets, airbrushed tees and polo shirts were also popular. Today Mecca USA has further extended its audience with clothing suited to girls and women. The line for girls is called Mecca Girls and features sequins, rhinestones, skirts, tops, pants, and outerwear among other items. The most successful extension of the company however, has been Mecca Femme.

Introduced in 2002, Mecca Femme is about cutting edge innovation. A mixture of urban street wear with high-fashion looks and European inspiration, creating a unique look that female fans of urban wear have flocked too. Mecca jeans is popular with men and Mecca Femme has similarly staked a claim in this arena with women.

The Mecca Femme brand jeans feature a blend of cotton and spandex to create a figure hugging and pleasing silhouette. The jeans have quickly become a favorite among urban women because it is fitted to curvier body types. Female celebrities have also quickly flocked to buy them.

Unlike other hip hop clothing lines that rely on high prices in order to show their “quality” Mecca USA has always been affordably priced. Making their clothing accessible to everyone and keeping consumers loyal and coming back for more. Though the prices are low, quality has always been a major part of the brands identity. High-quality materials are used to showcase screen printing, prints, special stitch treatments, foiled logos and other signature looks.

Mecca Clothing has paved the way for other hip hop related brands such as Sean John, Rocawear, Akademiks, Phat Farm and Ecko. Since the beginning, Mecca has been firmly rooted in the hip hop industry and there is still a cult following for Mecca USA among those seeking attention getting street wear.

No matter what your style, you can certainly find something new and fresh in hip hop wear. Looking for the best in Mecca Clothing? Buy from the most popular urban clothing stores where you can get designer streetwear for men, women, teens & kids. For the best resource for hip hop clothes just visit Ultimate Hip Hop Gear.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Linen Clothing

Linen fabric is liked by everyone. People like using linen fabric for a variety of purposes from home furnishings to clothing. There is a definite expansion and growth in the variety of linen clothing available. Linen fabric was once used extensively for men suits because of its soft and smooth texture. But over a period of time, linen clothing revealed its many different uses to the people.

Linen clothing has its respective advantages and disadvantages, just like any other fabric. Price, quality and durability are the three most important things people tend to keep in mind while purchasing any kind of clothing item for them. Linen fabric is made from one of the aged natural fibres – well-known as the flax fibre. It is admired because of its strength and stylish texture.

Many industries are working on finding a mix of two well-liked fabrics: cotton and linen. Merging the strengths of both the fabrics will produce an even better end product. At the same time, one should keep in mind that any fabric, which is given the needed attention and care would obviously last longer. It would also not lose its charm. Therefore, to counter the negatives of pattern clothing you should use some techniques that lessen the chances of this fabric getting dried out quickly.

Advantages

Some of the positives of using linen-clothing are that it adds to charm and trendiness to any attire. Being a stylish fabric, you can buy nicely printed pattern clothing and look extremely fashionable. Many designers now display linen clothing that is well-liked by the people around. Pattern clothing has a natural luster.

Linen-clothing can last longer because of its characteristics; such as high strength and durability. Texture clothing is made from strong flax fibres which mean that it is available in a variety of textures.
Linen-clothing can be worn in any kind of weather. It can even be worn in a hot and humid weather, because it is highly absorbent. Pattern clothing makes you feel fresh because it is not sticky and removes skin perspirations. Linen clothing can be tailored without any trouble.

Linen clothing can be washed and dried easily. It can even be hand-washed. In fact, washing makes linen clothing softer, however, make sure you use soft water. It does not stretch or elongate but keeps in shape even after routine washes, hanging and ironing. Linen clothing can be printed, finished and designed easily.

Disadvantages

With a number of advantages linen fabric comes with various disadvantages as well, however, they are not many in number. Linen clothing can lose its charm if washed with hard water. Therefore, you need to be extra careful while washing texture clothing with chemicals and detergents. Texture clothing is restricted to a small range of colours, providing not much variety.

It wrinkles and creases easily which can make you look untidy. It is best not to fold linen clothing for storage, you should hang it. Another disadvantage is that pattern clothing is a little more expensive than cotton; making cotton products more desirable.

History and Clothing in Ancient Japan

Japanese history includes alternating periods of isolation and revolutionary influences from the rest of the world. As early as the Jomon period from about 14000BC to 300 BC, Japan had a hunter-gatherer lifestyle; wooden stilt houses, pit dwelling, and agriculture. Weaving was still unknown and the ancient Japanese clothing consisted of fur. However, some of the world’s oldest pottery is found in Japan, along with daggers, jade, combs made form shell and clay figures.

The period thereafter to 250 BC saw the influx of new practices like weaving, rice sowing, iron and bronze making influenced by china and Korea. Chinese travelers describe the men ‘with braided hair, tattooing and women with large, single-piece clothing.’ Initially ancient Japanese clothing consisted of single piece clothing. The ancient and classical Japan begins from the middle of the 3rd century to 710. An advanced agricultural and militaristic culture defines this period. By 645, Japan rapidly adopted Chinese practices and reorganized its penal code.

The peak period of ancient Japan and its imperial court is from 794 to 1185. Art, poetry, literature and trade expeditions continued with vigor. Warlords and powerful regional families ruled ancient Japan from 1185 to 1333 and the emperor was just a figure head. By the Japanese Middle Ages, Portugal had introduced firearms by a chance landing of their ship at Japanese coast; samurai charging ranks were cut down; trade with Netherlands, England and Spain had opened up new avenues. Several missionaries had entered Japan as well.

Distinct features of the lifestyle, ancient Japanese clothing and women is difficult to decipher for the simple reason that it is super-imposed by the Chinese culture. Ancient Japan readily adopted other cultures and practices and most of its own culture is lost among these adaptations.

Ancient Japanese clothing was mostly unisex, with differences being in colors, length and sleeves. A Kimono tied with an Obi or a sash around the waist was the general clothing and with the advent of western clothing are now mostly worn at home or special occasions. Women’s obi in ancient Japanese clothing would mostly be elaborate and decorative. Some would be as long as 4meters and tied as a flower or a butterfly. Though a Yukata means a ‘bath clothing’, these were often worn in the summers as morning and evening gowns. Ancient Japanese clothing consisted of mena and women wearing Haori or narrow paneled jacket for special occasions such as marriages and feasts. These are worn over a kimono and tied with strings at the breast level.

The most interesting piece of ancient Japanese clothing is the ju-ni-hitoe or the ‘twelve layers’ adorned by ladies at the imperial court. It is multi-layered and very heavy and worn on a daily basis for centuries! The only change would be the thickness of the fabric and the number of layers depending on the season. Princesses still wear these on weddings.

Since the Japanese people don’t wear footwear inside their homes, tabi is still worn. These are split -toe socks woven out of non-stretch materials with thick soles. Clogs have been worn for centuries in ancient Japan and were known as Geta. These were made of wood with two straps and were unisexual. Zori was footwear made of softer materials like straw and fabric with a flat sole.

Ancient Japanese clothes, culture and footwear are slowly regaining their popularity with the western world. There is an honest curiosity in knowing more, wearing kimonos or using silk fabrics with beautiful floral prints from the ‘land of the rising sun’.

Different Factors to Consider When Buying Baby Clothes

Most people love to give clothes as gifts for babies. It is in fact a very good idea since clothes are necessities and at the same time, there are many cute designs like camo clothes to choose from. However, it is also important to consider different factors when buying baby clothes. You should remember that you are buying for so you need to consider not only style but also a lot more. To help you further, here are the factors that you should consider when buying baby clothes:

Comfort – the very first thing that you should be concerned about is the comfort of the baby. You should make sure that the clothes that you are buying are made from cotton that is comfortable in the skin of the baby. Most babies have very sensitive skin and they easily get rashes when they are wearing clothes that are made from other materials. Therefore, the safest choice material to look for in baby clothes is indeed cotton.
Functionality – of course, you should also consider the functionality of the clothes that you are buying. It would be a big disappointment to buy adorable clothes only to find out that could not use it because it is too irritating or miserable to wear. It is advisable to buy snap crotches to have easier time changing diapers plus clothes with stretchable neckline.
Proper Size – it is also very important to consider the appropriate size of the baby clothes that you are buying. To make sure that you are buying the right size, it is best to know how old the baby is. In line with this, you might as well check for the gender of the baby. It is easier to buy clothes when you know if you are buying for a boy or girl.
Buttons, Snaps and Bows – you should also take consideration the placements of buttons, snaps and bows in the clothes. Checking the placements of buttons and other delicate materials is very important to ensure comfort and functionality just like what we discussed earlier in the article.
Seasonal Clothing – it is also ideal to consider the season to make sure that you are buying the appropriate clothes for the baby. You should buy clothes that will protect them from cold or from heat.
Style – well, of course, after considering all the factors mentioned, you might as well look for stylish outfits for the baby. It is indeed fun to see fashionable babies wearing rock star outfits or princess outfits. However, do not forget other factors especially comfort and functionality.

It is very important to consider the different factors mentioned in this article to make sure that you are buying appropriate clothes. Some people who have no child yet may find it difficult to choose baby clothes but with the tips discussed in this article, everything will be easier.

Know the Fabrics to Make Smart Outdoor Clothing Choices

Dressing to survive in the outdoors starts with knowing what fabrics to wear. Different fabrics have radically different properties. Choosing the wrong type, or mixing clothing of different materials, can be disastrous!

You may not be able to tell what a garment is made of by looking. A nice, fuzzy, thick 100-percent cotton flannel shirt will be warm and cozy until it gets wet. Then that wet shirt may suck the heat out of your torso and cause hypothermia!

On the other side of the equation is wool. My hands-down favorite in the winter, wool, is generally a bad choice for a desert hike in August. Wool traps heat, and while it provides some UV protection, the material will prevent your body from cooling.
So, the buyer needs to beware.

Before buying any clothing item, read the labels and find out what the material is. Ignore fashion or what’s trendy (I know that’s hard – I have a 14-year-old daughter!), and make your purchase based on the activity and the clothing protection that will be needed.

Here are some common fabric choices:

* Cotton: Depending on where you live, cotton clothing can kill you. Cotton is hydrophilic, meaning it is no good at wicking wetness away from the skin, and can become damp just by being exposed to humidity.

Both of these 100% cotton garments would keep you warm until they got wet. Then, this clothing could become dangerous to wear!

Once wet, cotton feels cold and can lose up to 90 percent of its insulating properties. Wet cotton can wick heat from your body 25 times faster than when it’s dry.

Since I’ve spent a lot of time in the Deep South, my favorite hot weather shirt is a medium-weight, white, 100 percent cotton Navy surplus shirt. The shirt has a collar that can be pulled up to shade my neck, and pockets with flaps and buttons. Cotton also has a reasonable amount of UV protection.

On really hot days in a canoe, a cotton shirt can be soaked with water, and worn to cool you down. On a desert hike, help prevent heat stroke by using a few ounces of water to wet the shirt down. (The water can come from anywhere, including that algae-edged stock tank. The evaporation is what cools you!)

The same properties that make cotton a good choice for hot weather make it a killer in rain, snow and cold.

Typical urban casual garb is probably all cotton: sweat-socks, Hanes or Fruit of the Loom underwear, jeans, tee shirt, flannel shirt and sweatshirt. This outfit may keep you warm in town, but don’t wear it into the back country! Once the cotton gets wet, you could end up in trouble.

Don’t be mislead by the looks and camouflage patterns of 100 percent cotton hunting clothes. These garments my be just what you need for a hot, September dove hunt in Mississippi, but they become cold and clammy when damp or wet, just like anything else made of cotton.

* Polypropylene: This material doesn’t absorb water, so it is a hydrophobic. This makes it a great base layer, since it wicks moisture away from your body. The bad news is that polypropylene melts, so a spark from the campfire may melt holes in your clothing.

* Wool: Where I live in Central Oregon, wool is the standard for six months of the year. A good pair of wool pants and wool socks are the first clothing items we recommend to new Boy Scouts in our troop. For our winter scout excursions, any sort of cotton clothing is strongly discouraged. Jeans are banned.

Wool absorbs moisture, but stays warmer than many other fabrics. Wool is also inherently flame retardant.

* Polyester: This is essentially fabric made from plastic, and it’s good stuff. The material has good insulation and wind-stopping value, and can be made into many different thicknesses.

* Nylon: The fabric is pretty tough and can be used on your outer layer. It doesn’t absorb much moisture, and what does evaporates quickly. It is best used as some sort of windbreaker, to keep your clothing from being compromised by the wind.

* Down: This material is not a fabric, but rather, fluffy feathers stuffed inside a garment or sleeping bag. When dry, down is one of my favorite insulated materials.

But I don’t use a down sleeping bag, and would hesitate wearing a down vest into the back country because of potential moisture problems. When wet, down becomes hydrophilic, and loses virtually all its insulated value. It can be worse than cotton as far as sucking heat away from your body.

In addition, a down sleeping bag or garment is virtually impossible to dry out in the back country, even with a roaring campfire.

Leon Pantenburg is a wilderness enthusiast, and doesn’t claim to be a “survival expert” or expertise as a survivalist. Leon teaches common sense wilderness survival techniques to the average person in order to avert potential disasters.

A newspaper man and journalist for three decades, Leon covered search and rescue, sheriff’s departments, floods, forest fires and other natural disasters and outdoor emergencies. He learned many people died unnecessarily or escaped miraculously when simple, common sense might have changed the outcome.